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Review of Maritime Transport 2010
This publication closely monitors developments affecting world seaborne trade, freight rates, ports, surface transport, and logistics services, as well as trends in ship ownership and control and fleet age, tonnage supply, and productivity. The Review contains a chapter on legal and regulatory developments and each year includes a chapter highlighting a different region. In 2010, the focus is on Asia and the Pacific.
Dec 2010Transport, Trade FacilitationBooks
UNCTAD Handbook of Statistics
This publication provides essential data for analyzing and measuring world trade, investment, international financial flows and development. Reliable statistical information is often considered the first step during the preparation of recommendations or decision making that countries will commit for many years as they strive to integrate into the world economy and improve the living standards of their citizens.
Dec 2010Trade Facilitation, EconomyBooks
Asia-Pacific Trade and Investment Report 2010: Recent Trends and Developments
This edition (i) discusses recent trends in merchandise trade flows of selected countries and country-groups; (ii) comprehensively analyzes recent trends in commercial services trade in the region, providing an up-to-date breakdown of services trade for different subregions and services sectors; (iii) focuses on recent developments in foreign direct investment (FDI) in and from the region and explains why some economies attract more FDI than others; (iv) estimates the costs of trade for Asia and the Pacific utilizing a new database developed by UNESCAP; (v) details recent developments in regional trade agreements and provides relevant statistics on merchandise trade covered by these agreements; and (vi) gives an overview of protectionist measures that announced or implemented since November 2008.
(Trade and Investment Division / UNESCAP)
Dec 2010Trade Facilitation, Trade Policy, EconomyBooks
Border Management Modernization: A Practical Guide for Reformers
This book provides border management policy makers and reformers with a broad survey of key developments in and principles for improving trade facilitation through better border management, including practical advice on particular issues. In contrast to the traditional border management reform agenda, with its focus on improving customs operations, this book addresses both customs reform and areas well beyond customs-a significant broadening of scope.
(Gerard McLinden, Enrique Fanta, David Widdowson, and Tom Doyle, eds. / World Bank)
Nov 2010Regional Cooperation, Trade FacilitationBooks
Afghanistan: Modernizing Asia's Crossroads
This development effectiveness brief focuses on Asian Development Bank (ADB) assistance in Afghanistan. ADB has concentrated its loans and grants in energy, transport, irrigation, agriculture, governance, and finance. ADB has also used private sector support to help invigorate banking, and telecommunications.
Nov 2010Transport, Energy, Regional Cooperation, EconomyBriefs and notes
Mongolia: A Partnership Against Poverty
This development effectiveness brief is about the strategy of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) in Mongolia that centers on policy and institutional reform, as well as building local capacity. ADB seeks to support inclusive social development through competitive, sustainable, and regionally integrated growth that is closely aligned with the country’s National Development Strategy. ADB plans to be particularly active in promoting good government policies.
Nov 2010Transport, Private Sector, Regional Cooperation, EconomyBriefs and notes
Trade and Income in Asia: Panel Data Evidence from Instrumental Variable Regression
This paper derives a Frankel–Romer instrument from a global trade matrix of 157 countries between 1990 and 2007. Instrumental variable regressions assess the relationship between international trade, domestic market potential, and income for developing Asia compared to the world average. The study concludes that, on average, international trade has increased income across trading nations, particularly for countries in developing Asia. Domestic market size, on the other hand, is found to be less relevant in explaining growth in developing Asia, indicating that there is much scope for the region to exploit domestic markets as an additional engine of growth.
(Benno Ferrarini / ADB)
Nov 2010Trade Facilitation, EconomyWorking papers
Paths to 2015: MDG Priorities in Asia and the Pacific-Asia-Pacific MDG Report 2010/11
This report is Asia and the Pacific’s assessment of progress made in achieving the Millennium Development Goals in 2015. It examines likely outcomes on present trends, identifies some of the weakest areas of performance, and presents priorities for accelerated action in achieving the Millennium Development Goals. It focuses on three areas where increased and sustained policy attention is required: hunger and food security, health and basic services, and basic infrastructure—areas where many of the countries in the region appear to be facing significant challenges.
Nov 2010Transport, Energy, Poverty, EconomyResearch and reports
Doing Business 2011: Making a Difference for Entrepreneurs
This edition benchmarks 183 economies on how easy or difficult it is for a local entrepreneur to open and run a small to medium-sized business when complying with relevant regulations. It measures and tracks changes in the regulations applying to domestic, primarily smaller companies through their life cycle, from start-up to closing.
(IFC and World Bank)
Nov 2010Economy, Finance, Private SectorResearch and reports
Diagnostic Study on Pillar 3 of the CAREC Energy Strategy: Energy–Water Linkages | РУССКИЙ
The overall aim of the ESCC Pillar 3 energy-water linkages is to build regional energy and water security through enhanced regional cooperation in energy and water resources development and management.
Nov 2010EnergyWorking papers
Trade and Institutional Environment: The International Experience and a Proposed Agenda of Measures | РУССКИЙ
This paper was prepared for the CAREC Trade Policy Coordinating Committee and examines the relationship between institutions and trade expansion in CAREC countries. It begins by reviewing the most recent developments of the global crisis and their potential consequences for developing countries' exports. Then it summarizes the current consensus in the economic literature on the relation between the quality of institutions and trade. The third section focuses on the trade-related institutional environment in CAREC countries. The last section proposes a list of broad measures to improve the trade-related institutional environment.
(Oleh Havrylyshyn / CAREC Secretariat)
Oct 2010Trade PolicyResearch and reports
The Impact of Free Trade Agreements on Business Activity: A Survey of Firms in the People's Republic of China
After its accession to the World Trade Organization in December 2001, the People's Republic of China adopted a regional approach to trade and began negotiating and implementing Free Trade Agreements (FTAs). This paper analyzes the results of a survey undertaken across 232 Chinese firms with regard to FTA-related issues such as utilization of trade agreements, perceived costs and benefits, perceptions of multiple rules of origin, and policy and institutional support mechanisms. It was found that, of the firms surveyed, 45% were to some extent using FTAs.
(Yunling Zhang / ADB Institute)
Oct 2010Trade Policy, Regional CooperationWorking papers
World Economic Outlook October 2010: Recovery, Risk, and Rebalancing | РУССКИЙ | 中文
The International Monetary Fund (IMF) forecasts that the world economy will grow by 4.8% in 2010 before falling back to 4.2% next year, but a sharper global slowdown is unlikely. With the world still trying to bounce back from the global economic crisis, the IMF says that the recovery remains fragile and uneven. Unemployment remains a major economic and social challenge. More than 210 million people across the globe may be unemployed, an increase of more than 30 million since 2007. Chapter 2 covers CAREC countries. (Foreword and Executive Summary in Russian and Chinese)
Oct 2010EconomyBooks
Diagnostic Study on Pillar 1 of the CAREC Energy Strategy: Energy Demand/Supply Balance and Infrastructure Constraints | РУССКИЙ
This study of the Energy Action Plan involves carrying out a diagnostics evaluation on the energy supply/demand balance and infrastructure constraints, and to identify the status regarding completed, ongoing and planned energy sector projects which will have an impact on the intra-regional power trade capability.
Oct 2010EnergyResearch and reports
Diagnostic Study on Pillar 2 of the CAREC Energy Strategy: Regional Dispatch and Regulatory Development | РУССКИЙ
The main objectives of this short-term study are to provide a preliminary assessment of the opportunities and challenges in strengthening electricity dispatch and system operations across Central Asia.
(World Bank)
Oct 2010EnergyResearch and reports
Price of Electricity Transit in Transition Countries | РУССКИЙ
This report analyzes various issues related to electricity transit in selected countries of Central and South Asia and compares existing transit tariff methodologies and to make recommendations to the respective decision making bodies of the region.
(Energy Charter)
Oct 2010EnergyResearch and reports
Reaching the MDGs: An Action Plan for Trade
Lack of integration into the global economy is a major factor in the continued underdevelopment of the poorest countries. The reasons for this include obstacles faced by exporters both abroad and at home: access to foreign markets is frequently limited by import barriers, while inadequate infrastructure and weak policies at home—including their own trade policies—often frustrate producers seeking to compete abroad. This paper outlines the 15-point action plan that can help achieve the Millennium Development Goals.
(Katrin Elborgh-Woytek, Rob Gregory, and Brad McDonald / IMF)
Sep 2010Trade Policy, PovertyBriefs and notes
Trends in National and Regional Investors Financing Crossborder Infrastructure Projects in Asia
This paper examines a range of cross-border infrastructure development issues relevant to Asian countries. It also states that, given the huge infrastructure investment needs of the region and insufficient government resources, the role of the private sector and public–private partnerships in enhancing infrastructure facilities in Asia is crucial.
(Prabir De, Muthi Samudram, Sanjeev Moholkar / ADB Institute)
Sep 2010Energy, Transport, Trade FacilitationWorking papers
Estimating Demand for Infrastructure in Energy, Transport, Telecommunications, Water and Sanitation in Asia and the Pacific: 2010-2020
This paper estimates the need for infrastructure investment, including energy, transport, telecommunications, water, and sanitation during 2010–2020, to meet growing demand for services and facilitate further rapid growth in the region. The estimates show that developing countries in Asia require financing of $776 billion per year for national and regional infrastructure.
(Biswa Nath Bhattacharyay / ADB Institute)
Sep 2010Energy, TransportWorking papers
Key Indicators for Asia and the Pacific 2010: The Rise of Asia's Middle Class
This publication is the flagship annual statistical data book of the Asian Development Bank. It presents the latest available economic, financial, social, environmental, and Millennium Development Goal indicators for regional members. The special chapter in this edition—The Rise of Asia's Middle Class—looks at the growth and impacts of the region's rapidly expanding middle class, and resulting economic and policy implications.
Aug 2010Economy, Regional CooperationBooks
Appropriate Economic Space for Transnational Infrastructural Projects: Gateways, Multimodal Corridors, and Special Economic Zones
This paper addresses questions that arise in Asia when formulating, financing, implementing, and maintaining transnational linkages versus purely domestic connections. Issues include (i) how is optimal economic space to be defined as a useful starting point?; (ii) how can relevant criteria be developed to define the emerging spatial economy and identify efficient transnational transport networks?; and (iii) what are the main investment opportunities in physical infrastructure that would result in more efficient and effective regional cooperation and integration (making special reference to the potential role of cross-border special economic zones or their equivalents)?
(Peter J. Rimmer, Howard Dick / ADB Institute)
Aug 2010Transport, Trade Facilitation, Regional CooperationWorking papers
World Trade Report 2010 – Trade in Natural Resources
This edition focuses on trade in natural resources, such as fuels, forestry, mining, and fisheries. It examines the characteristics of trade in natural resources, the policy choices available to governments and the role of international cooperation, particularly of the World Trade Organization, in the proper management of trade in this sector.
(World Trade Organization)
Jul 2010Trade PolicyResearch and reports
Financing Asia’s Infrastructure: Modes of Development and Integration of Asian Financial Markets
This paper explores issues and challenges in financing infrastructure for seamless Asian infrastructure connectivity and for other high priority development financing needs. It also seeks methods and instruments to help direct Asian and international resources to cost-effectively and efficiently support infrastructure and other development needs.
(Biswa Bhattacharyay / ADB Institute)
Jul 2010Transport, EnergyWorking papers
Critical Evaluation of Cross-Border Infrastructure Projects in Asia
This paper attempts to fill gaps faced by policy makers and practitioners in the evaluation of cross-border infrastructure projects. It first defines what constitutes cross-border infrastructure projects, and then outlines an analytical framework and criteria to evaluate them. It also reports on emerging impact patterns evidenced in relevant studies. The paper draws lessons and implications for design and implementation of cross-border infrastructure projects – among them are CAREC projects.
(Manabu Fujimura, Ramesh Adhikari / ADBI)
Jul 2010Transport, Energy, Regional CooperationWorking papers
Trade Facilitation and Regional Cooperation in Asia
The studies in this book look at how investment in Asia’s infrastructure promotes and supports interregional trade growth. The region’s rapid development has been heavily dependent on markets external to the region. However, given the unlikely timely recovery of the United States or Europe there is an urgent need to develop domestic and regional markets. Thus, the importance of greater integration has been more pressing.
(Douglas Brooks, Susan Stone (eds.) / ADB Institute)
Jul 2010Trade Facilitation, Regional CooperationBooks
The Benefits of Regional Infrastructure Investment in Asia: A Quantitative Exploration
Capitalizing on recent estimates of infrastructure financing requirements in Asia, this paper frames a scenario for infrastructure development in the region and estimates the external effects of infrastructure investment. It also assesses quantitatively the economy-wide welfare effects of developing regional infrastructure in Asia, using a global computable general equilibrium model.
(Fan Zhai / ADBI)
Jun 2010TransportWorking papers
Institutions for Asian Connectivity
This paper draws links between connectivity, growth and development, governance, and institutions. It details the benefits Asia could achieve by addressing needed connectivity enhancements and the connectivity and financing challenges it faces. In addition, it presents various institutional options for regional infrastructure financing. To build seamless Asian connectivity, Asia needs an effective, formal, and rules-based institutional framework.
(Biswa Bhattacharyay / ADBI)
Jun 2010Regional CooperationWorking papers
Central Asia: Expanding Trade by Connecting with Markets
The report signals the need for Central Asian countries to diversify their export bases. To attain productivity that is vital for the future economic growth and development of the region, the report calls on countries to diversity products and exports, and to develop their markets that will eventually facilitate transformation from agriculture to industry and services. The report focuses on Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, and Tajikistan.
(World Bank)
Jun 2010Trade FacilitationResearch and reports
Achieving the Trade Targets of Millennium Development Goal 8: Status in the Least Developed Countries of Asia and the Pacific
This paper examines the progress in achieving the trade targets of Millennium Development Goal 8—“Building a global partnership for development”—with respect to the least developed countries (LDCs) of Asia and the Pacific. It concludes that while the market access commitments of the Hong Kong World Trade Organization’s Ministerial Declaration of 2005 have largely been met and LDCs of the Asia-Pacific benefit disproportionately from Aid for Trade, the overall share of LDC exports as a part of total world exports has not increased over the past decade.
(Trade and Investment Division / UNESCAP)
Jun 2010Trade Facilitation, Trade PolicyWorking papers
Commodity Prices and Inflation in the Middle East, North Africa, and Central Asia
This paper looks at a strikingly uniform inflation pattern in the Middle East, North African, and Central Asian countries during 1996–2009, in which inflation fell until about 2000 and then began rising. International fuel prices do not help explain this pattern. Instead, it is mainly explained by past inflation, the strength of the US dollar, US inflation, and—depending on the subset of countries analyzed—monetary and exchange rate policies and nonfuel commodity prices.
(Joseph Crowley / IMF)
Jun 2010EconomyWorking papers
ADB's Contribution to Inclusive Growth in Transport and Energy Projects
This paper proposes a methodology for assessing inclusive growth contributions of the Asian Development Bank in economic infrastructure projects. It applies the methodology to 8 energy and 10 transport projects of various subsectors and key activity areas.
(Stein Hansen / ADB)
Jun 2010Transport, EnergyWorking papers
Regional Trade Agreements
This paper reviews the theoretical and empirical literature on regionalism. The formation of regional trade agreements has been, by far, the most popular form of reciprocal trade liberalization in the past 15 years. The discriminatory character of these agreements has raised three main concerns: that trade diversion would be rampant, because special interest groups would induce governments to form the most distortionary agreements; that broader external trade liberalization would stall or reverse; and that multilateralism could be undermined.
(Caroline Freund, Emanuel Ornelas / World Bank)
May 2010Trade Facilitation, Trade PolicyWorking Papers
Regional Economic Outlook: Middle East and Central Asia (May 2010) | РУССКИЙ | 中文
This edition reports on the regional implications of global economic developments and presents key policy challenges and recommendations. In the Caucasus and Central Asia, exports have begun to pick up, the decline in remittances appears to be slowing or reversing, and capital inflows have turned positive. For 2010, a recovery across the region is projected as the global economy, and in particular the Russian Federation, picks up speed. (Chapters B1 and B2 in Russian, while Highlights in Chinese.)
(Middle East and Central Asia Department / IMF)
May 2010Economy, FinanceBooks
Strategic Water Resources in Central Asia: In search of a new international legal order
This paper describes the basic problem and the efforts undertaken by Central Asia's states and the international community to seek a resolution on the allocation and use of the region's water resources. It traces recent developments relating to the planned construction of dams, the modification of energy supplies, and the periodic issue of statements from the governments. Finally, it looks into the challenge for establishing a modern international legal order to govern the region's strategic water resources.
(Stephen Hodgson / EU-Central Asia Monitoring)
May 2010EnergyBriefs and notes
Global Monitoring Report 2010: The MDGs after the Crisis
This report aims to answer - How has the world performed in overcoming poverty and fostering human development since the onset of the crisis? – and other critical questions. It highlights lessons from the crisis and presents forecasts about poverty and other key indicators. It covers all regions including Central Asia.
(World Bank, IMF)
Apr 2010Poverty, EconomyBooks
Export Performance and Trade Facilitation Reform: Hard and Soft Infrastructure
This paper estimates the impact of aggregate indicators of “soft” and “hard” infrastructure on the export performance of developing countries. Four new indicators for 101 countries (including those in Central Asia) were built over 2004-2007. Estimates show that trade facilitation reforms do improve the export performance of developing countries. This is particularly true with investment in physical infrastructure and regulatory reform to improve the business environment.
(Albert Portugal-Perez, John S. Wilson / World Bank)
Apr 2010Trade FacilitationWorking Papers
Asian Development Outlook 2010: Macroeconomic Management Beyond the Crisis
This edition sees developing Asia emerging from the recent crisis and posting a strong recovery in the next 2 years, as a moderate global recovery supports a modest revival in global trade. Investment is expected to remain strong and private consumption is anticipated to improve. Inflation will pick up, but at manageable levels. Beyond the crisis, developing Asia faces the challenge of adjusting its monetary, exchange rate, and fiscal policies to foster macroeconomic stability and sustained growth within the broader direction of a return to prudence and discipline.
Apr 2010EconomyBooks
World Economic Outlook April 2010: Rebalancing Growth | РУССКИЙ | 中文
This Outlook reports that the global recovery is proceeding better than expected but at varying speeds—tepidly in many advanced economies and solidly in most emerging and developing economies. World growth is now expected to be 4.25%. Among the advanced economies, the United States is off to a better start than Europe and Japan. Among emerging and developing economies, emerging Asia is leading the recovery, while many emerging European and some Commonwealth of Independent States economies are lagging behind. (Foreword and Executive Summary in Russian and Chinese)
Apr 2010EconomyBooks
Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation: Good Neighbors, Good Partners, Good Prospects | РУССКИЙ | 中文
This brochure gives an overview of the Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation (CAREC) Program. It briefly explains the program, its structure, its comprehensive action plan, the four priority sectors (transport, trade facilitation, trade policy, and energy), and its other initiatives.
Apr 2010Transport, Trade Facilitation, Trade Policy, Energy, Regional CooperationOthers
Today's People, Tomorrow's Prosperity: Reviving Growth in Central and West Asia
This brochure presents the Asian Development Bank's (ADB) continuous efforts to help countries in Central and West Asia rebuild and reform vital services and infrastructure. From microfinance and education projects to telecommunications, from disaster risk reduction to new roads and rails, ADB is working with countries in the region to revive the Silk Road and bring prosperity back to one of the world's cradles of civilization.
Apr 2010Regional CooperationOthers
Ancient Culture, Modern Economy: ADB Projects in Uzbekistan | РУССКИЙ
This brochure focuses on Uzbekistan, one of the world's cradles of civilization and is home to rich ancient cultures and to the Silk Road, the ancient overland trade route connecting Asia and Europe. Since 1996, the Asian Development Bank-supported programs in the form of $1.29 billion in loans covering transport, energy, water and sanitation, education, and the finance sector have improved people's lives.
Apr 2010Transport, EconomyOthers
Central Asia Atlas of Natural Resources
The Atlas brings to readers a sense of the beauty and wealth in Central Asia, the issues its people face in using and conserving natural resources, and the efforts toward sustainable development. Consisting of Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan, Central Asia is a vast land mass separating the countries of Eastern Europe and the Caucasus from East and South Asia.
Apr 2010TransportBooks
Economic and Social Survey of Asia and the Pacific 2010
This survey - Sustaining Recovery and Dynamism for Inclusive Development - assesses the critical issues, policy challenges, and risks that the region faces in the months ahead as it leads the world economy in recovery from a dire recession. It also outlines the elements of a policy agenda for regaining the region’s dynamism through inclusive and sustainable growth.
Apr 2010EconomyBooks
Bilateral Dimensions of the CAREC Trade Facilitation Agenda: Spotlight on Mongolia and the People's Republic of China
The April 2010 issue of ADB Knowledge Showcases newsletter looks at the bilateral dimensions of the CAREC Trade Facilitation Agenda between Mongolia and the People's Republic of China. The agenda promotes cooperation on regional public goods which promises substantial economic benefits. It is implemented under the CAREC program which provides an effective institutional forum for negotiating complex, cross-border projects.
(Ying Qian, Yuebin Zhang, Jeff Procak / ADB)
Apr 2010Trade FacilitationOthers
Statistical Yearbook for Asia and the Pacific 2009
The third edition of the revised Statistical Yearbook is an authoritative reference on the social, economic, and environmental development of Asia and the Pacific since 1990. Through more than 200 key internationally comparable indicators, it compares Asia and the Pacific with the world average and other regions, including Africa, Europe, Latin America and the Caribbean and North America. It includes 128 reader-friendly charts and descriptive texts on 30 development topics.
Mar 2010Economy, Transport, EnergyBooks
Reconnecting India and Central Asia: Emerging Security and Economic Dimensions
This volume presents an overview of the emerging and deepening relations between India and Central Asia in both the political and economic fields. The stability and security of Central Asia is of prime importance for India. India has been active mainly in infrastructure, trade, education, health, and technology in the region. Conversely, India’s increasing need for energy can be addressed by the energy-rich Central Asian countries, while improved transport networks could provide a boost to continental trade across the region.
(Nirmala Joshi (ed.) / Central Asia-Caucasus Institute & Silk Road Studies Program)
Mar 2010Transport, Energy, Regional CooperationResearch and reports
The Cyclicality of Fiscal Policy in the Middle East and Central Asia:Is the Current Crisis Different?
This paper analyzes the cyclical properties of fiscal policy in the Middle East and Central Asia during the past 4 decades and explores whether the response during the current global economic crisis is different in 2009. Across a sample of 28 countries, the key finding is that fiscal policy has typically amplified the business cycles and that it has been more procyclical in good times than in bad times.
(Yasser Abdih, Pablo Lopez-Murphy, Agustin Roitman, Ratna Sahay / IMF)
Mar 2010EconomyWorking papers
Lights Out: The Outlook for Energy in Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union | РУССКИЙ
This report analyzes the outlook for energy demand and supply in Europe and Central Asia. It estimates the investment requirements and highlights the potential environmental concerns associated with meeting future energy needs, including those related to climate change. The report also proposes the actions necessary to create an attractive environment for investment in cleaner energy. Greater regional cooperation for smart energy and climate action is an important part of the World Bank’s engagement in the region. (Overview is available in Russian.)
(World Bank)
Mar 2010EnergyResearch and reports
Economic Transition and Health Care Reform: The Experience of Europe and Central Asia
This paper uses the staggered adoption of major concurrent health reforms in countries in Europe and Central Asia after 1990 to estimate their impact on public health expenditure, utilization, and avoidable deaths. While the health systems all derived from the same paradigm under central planning, they have since introduced changes to policies regarding cost-sharing, provider payment, financing, and the rationalization of hospital infrastructure.
(Adam Leive / IMF)
Mar 2010OthersWorking papers
Into EurAsia—Monitoring the EU's Central Asia Strategy | РУССКИЙ
This final report offers the first assessment of the strategy to upgrade the European Union's cooperation with five Central Asian states: Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan. It also looks at the role of the Russian Federation, the People's Republic of China, the United States, and others in Central Asia, as well the current state of politics and economics in the region.
(Michael Emerson, Jos Boonstra, Nafisa Hasanova, Marlene Laruelle, Sebastien Peyrouse / EU-Central Asia Monitoring)
Feb 2010Regional CooperationBooks
Into EurAsia—Monitoring the EU's Central Asia Strategy: Executive Summary and Recommendations | РУССКИЙ
The European Union's (EU) Central Asia Strategy was introduced in 2007 to upgrade the EU's cooperation with the five states of the region. One of the objectives of EUCAM was to assess and monitor the implementation of the strategy. This policy brief serves as a summary of the EUCAM Report Into EurAsia - Monitoring the EU's Central Asia Strategy.
(Michael Emerson, Jos Boonstra / EU-Central Asia Monitoring)
Feb 2010Regional CooperationBriefs and notes
Energy Emergency in Kyrgyzstan: Causes and Consequences
The energy shortage in the Kyrgyz Republic and Tajikistan has deteriorated recently. Heavily dependent on hydro resources but their outdated and barely functional energy infrastructure has had to face a number of environmental challenges. This policy brief focuses on the root causes of the energy crisis in the Kyrgyz Republic, assessing its implications for the wider region and looking at the role the European Union to improve the situation.
(Shairbek Juraev / EU-Central Asia Monitoring)
Feb 2010EnergyBriefs and notes
World Economic Outlook Update: A Policy-Driven, Multispeed Recovery | РУССКИЙ | 中文
This update states that the global recovery is off to a stronger start as economic growth solidified and broadened to advanced economies in the second half of 2009. World output is expected to rise by 4% in 2010, representing an upward revision of the three-fourths percentage point from the October 2009 World Economic Outlook.
Jan 2010EconomyBooks
Global Economic Prospects 2010: Crisis, Finance, and Growth
This report examines the consequences of the crisis for both the short- and medium-term growth prospects of developing countries. It concludes that the crisis and the regulatory reaction to the financial excesses of the preceding several years may have lasting impacts on financial markets, raising borrowing costs and lowering levels of credit and international capital flows. As a result, the rate of growth of potential output in developing countries may be reduced by between 0.2 and 0.7 percentage points annually over the next 5 to 7 years as economies adjust to tighter financial conditions.
(World Bank)
Jan 2010Economy, FinanceResearch and reports
The EU Assistance to Central Asia: Back to the Drawing Board?
European Union (EU) assistance in general and to Central Asia in particular is a complicated, many sided and fairly opaque business. Over a 7-year period, 719 million Euros were to be set aside for assistance to the region through the new EU Development Cooperation Instrument (DCI). This paper aims to shed light on EU assistance as it addresses the 'what', 'where' and 'how' of EU assistance to Central Asian republics, but the 'why' question is beyond the scope of this paper. It concludes with recommendations that apply to EU assistance over the medium and long terms.
(Jos Boonstra, Jacqueline Hale / EU-Central Asia Monitoring)
Jan 2010Economy, Regional CooperationWorking papers
Investing Across Borders 2010
This report provides selected indicators of foreign direct investment regulation in 87 economies – including Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, the People’s Republic of China, Kazakhstan, and the Kyrgyz Republic. It aims to help countries develop more competitive business environments by identifying good practices in investment policy design and implementation by presenting quantitative indicators on the laws, regulations, and practices affecting how foreign companies invest across sectors, start businesses, access industrial land, and arbitrate commercial disputes.
(World Bank Group)
2010Economy, Private SectorResearch and reports
Eurasian Integration Yearbook 2010
The 2010 edition highlights the establishment and early operations of the Customs Union of Belarus, Kazakhstan, and the Russian Federation in 2009. It also has articles on regional integration and regionalization, financial integration and common currency, and issues concerning agriculture and climate change.
(Evgeny Vinokurov, ed. / Eurasian Development Bank)
2010Regional CooperationBooks
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